Survivorship and Childhood Cancer: An Historical Perspective

Presentation Description: Beginning in the 1950s, late effects of cancer therapy began to be realized.  It was, however, only until survival rates dramatically increased in the 1970s that studies began to investigate how cancer therapy could affect developing organ systems of children.  Since that time, there have been several major scientific advances contributing to our understanding of the risks of late effects of cancer and cancer therapy and methods to prevent or reduce the incidence and severity of these risks.  As we have witnessed a growing number of children survive their cancer to die years later of an often preventable therapy-related condition, the operating paradigm of the survivorship research community has evolved to ‘maintain the cure, maintain the quality of the cure.’


Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD
Full Member and Attending Director, MSKCC Adult Long-Term Follow-Up Program
Department of Pediatrics and Medicine
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York

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